The equestrian team sport is usually played outside on a field. In organized competition, this field is 300 yards long and 160 yards wide. During the game, four players mounted on horseback attempt to pass the ball down-field to hit it through the goal and score. This is performed using long sticks, called mallets, and either plastic or wooden balls. Balls are known to fly at over 100 miles per hour, as players gallop and race to stay in line with the ball, in what can be a fast-action, exciting game. Six rounds, known as chukkers, last seven and a half minutes and divide each complete two and a half hour tournament.


Jaipur Polo Season for the year 2019-20
IPA Polo Calendar for the year 2018-19
  (a)   MANIPUR LOCAL   ‘C’
      (18 OCT TO 15 NOV 2015)   
  (b) BANGALORE  17 AUG TO 30 AUG 2015 ‘B’
  (c)            HYDERABAD   01 SEP TO 20 SEP 2015    ‘B’
  (d) JAIPUR (61 CAV)  21 SEP TO 04 OCT 2015 ‘A’
  (e)  NOIDA   05 OCT TO 18 OCT 2015 ‘A’
  (f)  DELHI (PBG) 28 NOV 2015 / 05 DEC 2015  
  (g) DELHI 19 OCT TO 06 DEC 2015 ‘A’
  (h)  LUCKNOW 07 DEC TO 13 DEC 2015       ‘B’
  (j)  JODHPUR   14 DEC TO 30 DEC 2015  ‘A’
  (k)   CALCUTTA   18 DEC TO 25 DEC 2015   ‘B’
  (l) JAIPUR 28 DEC 2015 TO 31 JAN 2016 ‘A’
  (m)   DELHI  01 FEB  TO 06 MAR 2016 ‘A’
  (n)   BOMBAY   09 MAR TO 03 APR 2016      ‘A’
  (o)  BANGALORE 05 APR TO 17 APR 2016 ‘B’


1. The Teams

On a full sized grass field, each team has four people. In an enclosed arena usually played in winter, each team has three people. The rules are common sense based on the player having “right of way” in order to eliminate danger. The Ball creates the “line” or right of way. Therefore, Forehand or backhand shot played on the right-hand side of the pony, no player shall play with his left hand.

2. The Ground

The ground is 300 yards long, 160 yards wide if boarded. Being boarded means the field has a 11 inch upright board bounding the perimeter which stops the ball rolling out of play easily. If the ground is un-boarded, it is 200 yards wide and marked with a white line.
The goal posts, positioned at each end, are 8 yards apart and 10 yards safety zone at the sides of the field and 30 yards at each end of the field.

3. Duration of the Play

The full game may be played over 4. 5 or 6 chukkas as stated in the Tournament Conditions. (For instance, 5 chukkas in middle levels goal, 4 chukkas in lower levels goals). Each chukka is timed to last 71/2 minutes s, then a bell is rung, but the game goes on until the ball goes out of play or there is a foul, or for another 30 secs when the bell is rung again, the chukka ends where the ball is.
There are intervals of 3 mins between chukkas and 5 mins at half time. Ends are changed at every goal scored - this has been found fairest when there is a wind. The last chukka will end on the sound of the first bell unless the Tournament conditions require a result and the teams are tied.
In this event play will continue until either a goal has been score or award or on the first sound of the second bell. In the latter event extra time will be played. A polo pony can only play two chukkas during a match and not two chukkas in succession. That is why there is a change of ponies after each chukka. At half-time – after two chukkas – there is a five minute interval.

4. Handicaps

Each player is handicapped (on a 6 chukka basis) from -2 up to 10 goals (the top professional players).
The aggregate handicap of the four players in a team is the team handicap. e.g. if all players have a handicap of 2 goals each, the team handicap is 8 goals and is referred to as an '8 goal team'.
In handicap tournaments, if both teams do not have an equal aggregate handicap, one team is given a number of goals start which is calculated as follows: the number of goals start is obtained by multiplying the difference between the two teams' handicaps by the number of chukkas and dividing by 6, any fraction counting a half a goal.

5. Ponies
5.1   Features of Polo Ponies

The Polo Pony has the stamp of a horse with excellent conformation conductive to speed and agility, depth through the girth and boundless with courage and stamina.
There is no limit to the height of ponies. Ponies can play two chukkas in an afternoon with a rest of at least one chukka in between.

5.2 Polo Ponies

Polo Ponies are bred and trained in such countries, as Argentina, United Kingdom and Australia.

5.3   Responsibility for care and welfare of pony (a) General

The overall responsibility for care and welfare of a pony rests at all the times with the owner.

(b) Veterinary Cover

Clubs must have an arrangement for cover with a local veterinary practice. For all polo matches a veterinary surgeon who is a current member of the RCVS should either be present or on immediate call and a club official should be in attendance at all games in case a welfare problem arises.

(c) Welfare Officer

Every club must appoint a Welfare Officer to be responsible for all aspects of pony welfare particularly in the pony lines. The umpires have the main responsibility for pony welfare on the field of play.

6. Fouls

A player following the ball on its exact line has the Right of Way over all other players.
Penalties vary according to the degree of danger and closeness of the cross.
No player may hook an opponent's stick unless he is on the same side of the opponent's pony as the ball.
Dangerous play or rough handling is not allowed - a player may ride an opponent off, but must not charge in at an angle of more than 45 degrees

 7. Penalties

The following penalties may be given.
A goal is given if the cross is dangerous or deliberate in the vicinity of the goal. The ball is then thrown in 10 yds in front of the goal without ends being changed.
Free hit from 30 yds opposite the centre of the goal - defenders to be behind the back line and outside the goal posts but must not ride through when the ball is hit.
Free hit from 40 yds, same conditions as b).
Free hit from 60 yds. Defenders to be 30 yds from ball.
Free hit from the centre of the ground, none of the defending side to be nearer than 30 yds when the ball is hit.
Free hit from spot where the foul took place, no defender to be nearer than 30 yds.
Corners are not taken as in Association Football - instead, a free hit is given 60 yds from the goal from a spot opposite where the ball was hit behind the line, none of the defending side to be nearer than 30 yds.
Captains of teams are the only players who can discuss questions arising during a game. No player shall appeal in any manner to the Umpire for fouls, but Captain can discuss any matter with the Umpire.